Medam is a database of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) monitoring program for the Mediterranean Sea, "Benthic Habitats and Seabed Integrity" component.
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The Medam website has been integrated into the European Sea Atlas of the European Commission.
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The Medam website has been updated significantly in 2016 and 2017.
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MEDAM is the sister website of MEDAMP, the observatory of the protection of biodiversity : www.medamp.org
Any quotation or use of elements of this data management system should be mentioned as "MEDAM Université Côte d'Azur CNRS ECOSEAS"

UPDATE MEDAM 2016 - 2017

The 45 following modifications have been made to the database. These concern new constructions or the integration of earlier constructions identified following further research. Certain demolished constructions (all small-sized) are also recorded (they have been removed in the current assessment), others have been deleted from the inventory (identification errors).

AMENAGEMENTS

IDTownType of reclamationDate
1 1163 Menton (06) Groin 1920
2 946 Monaco Harbour 1920
3 1174 Saint Jean Cap Ferrat Harbour of refuge 1920
4 1164 Nice (06) Landfill 1800
5 1165 Nice (06) Landfill 1824
6 1166 Nice (06) Landfill 1844
7 1167 Nice (06) Landfill 1856
8 1168 Nice (06) Landfill 1862
9 1169 Nice (06) Landfill 1930
10 1179 Nice (06) Groin 1971
11 1180 Nice (06) Groin 1971
12 1181 Nice (06) Groin 1971
13 1182 Nice (06) Groin 1971
14 1183 Nice (06) Groin 1971
15 1184 Nice (06) Groin 1971
16 1185 Nice (06) Groin 1971
17 1186 Nice (06) Groin 1971
18 1170 Antibes (06) Harbour of refuge demolished 1960
19 1171 Antibes (06) Harbour of refuge 1920
20 1172 Antibes (06) Harbour of refuge 1920
21 1173 Antibes (06) Landfill 1920
22 1178 Saint Raphaël (83) Harbour of refuge 1920
23 1176 Saint-Raphaël (83) Harbour of refuge 1920
24 1188 Saint-Raphaël 83) Harbour of refuge 1920
25 1187 Saint-Tropez (83) Harbour of refuge 1920
26 598 Saint Mandrier (83) Landfill deleted 1920
27 561 Bandol (83) Groin demolished 2008
28 562 Bandol (83) Groin demolished 2008
29 1194 Cassis (13) Harbour of refuge 1920
30 498 Carry-le-Rouet Breakwater protected beach 1920
31 497 Carry-le-Rouet (13) Breakwater protected beach 1920
32 1195 Carry-le-Rouet (13) Harbour of refuge 2015
33 1196 Carry-le-Rouet (13) Groin 2015
34 1134 Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer (13) Breakwater protected beach 1920
35 1189 Agde (34) Groin 1920
36 1190 Agde (34) Groin 1920
37 1191 Valras (34) Groin 1920
38 1192 Valras (34) Groin 1920
39 1193 Valras (34) Groin 1920
40 1 Cerbère (66) Harbour 2015
41 1 Cerbère (66) Landfill 1920
42 1198 Sagone (20B) Landfill 1920
43 1199 Tiuccia (20B) Harbour of refuge 1920
44 1197 Porto Pollo (20B) Harbour 2014
45 1177 Zonza (20B) Harbour of refuge 1920

PHOTOS

IDTownPlace nameType of reclamationNumber of pictures addedYearAuthor
1 958 Menton (06) La condamine Groin 1 2014 Google Earth
2 957 Menton (06) La condamine Groin 2 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
3 956 Menton (06) La condamine Groin 1 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
4 965 Menton (06) Route Bord de Mer N327 Groin 3 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
5 1163 Menton (06) Route Bord de Mer N327 Groin 1 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
6 964 Menton (06) Route Bord de Mer N327 Groin 3 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
7 954 Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (06) Carnolès Breakwater protected beach 5 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
8 953 Roquebrune-Cap-Martin (06) Carnolès Breakwater protected beach 3 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
9 929 Beaulieu-sur-Mer (06) Pierre Fourmi Harbour of refuge 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
10 933 Beaulieu-sur-Mer (06) Rade de Beaulieu Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
11 926 Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat (06) Pointe des Barratiers Harbour of refuge 2 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
12 925 Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat (06) Pointe des Barratiers Harbour of refuge 2 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
13 924 Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat (06) Pointe des Barratiers Harbour of refuge 3 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
14 923 Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat (06) Pointe Roumpa Talon Harbour of refuge 2 2016 Alexandre Meinesz
15 922 Saint-Jean-Cap-Ferrat (06) Anse de Saint Jean Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
16 823 Cannes (06) Pierre Canto Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
17 1045 Cannes (06) Ile Sainte Marguerite Landfill 2 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
18 641 Carqueiranne (83) La Pointe Peno Landfill 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
19 642 Carqueiranne (83) La Pointe Peno Groin 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
20 643 Carqueiranne (83) La Pointe Peno Groin 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
21 644 Carqueiranne (83) La Pointe Peno Groin 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
22 645 Carqueiranne (83) Les Salette Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
23 557 Bandol (83) Pointe des Engraviers Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
24 551 La Ciotat (13) Saint Jean Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
25 549 La Ciotat (13) Plage Lumière Breakwater protected beach 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
26 543 La Ciotat (13) Complexe portuaire-chantier naval Harbour 2 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
27 546 La Ciotat (13) Harbour de plaisance Harbour 2 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
28 535 Marseille (13) Les Goudes Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
29 1050 Marseille (13) Iles du Frioul Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
30 1151 Marseille (13) Iles du Frioul Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
31 1152 Marseille (13) Iles du Frioul Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
32 532 Marseille (13) La Pointe Rouge Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
33 500 Ensues-la-Redonne (13) La Redonne Harbour 1 2015 Sentinelles de l'air sci action communicante
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PHOTOS

An image data base has been developed in order to present visually the changes in the coastline at the sites of reclamation redevelopment schemes.

 

1627 photographs are available at this site, with ongoing updating of the image bank. The photographs may be recent or more historical (views of the coast prior to reclamation have been sought). Some are photographs taken from the air others at ground level (sea or land).

 

The images made available are of low resolution. The photographers are cited and may in some cases be contacted by e-mail (list of photographers). Any new photos or similar documents are welcome: contact us to upload them ! (aims, procedure, conditions)

 

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CARTOGRAPHY

Access the cartographical data base to view the contour lines of all the reclamations and the contours of all the bathymetric and administrative limits.

RECLAMATION SCHEMES

Access data on the characteristics, description, year of redevelopment, illustrations and localisation of each reclamation > 100 m².

HISTORICAL RECORD AND PATTERNS OF PROGRESSION

Access the historical record data base: the construction of each structure or part of a structure has been dated. This data provides the basis for showing on bar charts the progression over time of reclamations and their impact on the basis of administrative units (country, region, county ( département), municipal and rural district (commune) or ECD water mass).

THE RECORD

For all French Mediterranean coasts (excluding Monaco and the Etang de Berre) (see ‘details’ for noteworthy regional or more local particularities).


MEDAM Inventory :

Original coastline : 2 062 km (> see details)

Surface area of shallow water bottoms prior to any reclamation (> see details) :

Between 0 and -10 m : 80 723 ha soit 807 km²

Between -10 m and -20 m : 88 046 ha soit 880 km²

Between 0 and -20 m : 168 769 ha soit 1 688 km²
Between -20 and -50 m : 330 030 ha soit 3 300 km²

 

Number of reclamations (>100 m²) : 1 050 (> see details)

 

Coastline ‘artificialised’ by reclamation : 223.02 km (> see details)

Surface areas reclaimed by these redevelopments (> see details) :

Between 0 et -10 m : 4 226.13 ha

Between -10 m et -20 m : 903.70 ha

Between 0 et -20 m : 5 129.83 ha

 

MEDAM Impacts :

Rate of ‘artificialisation’ of coastline (linear) : 12.27 % (> see details)

Rate of irreversible destruction of shallow water bottoms by reclamation (> see details) :

Between 0 et -10 m : 5.24 % 

Between -10 m et -20 m : 1.03 % 

Between 0 et -20 m : 3.04 %

 

Progression :
A step in the right direction: a clear slowing down of reclamation from 1985  (> see details).

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